ACCIDENTS THAT MAY OCCUR IN STEAM BOILERS, AND MEASURES AIMED AT PREVENTING THEM
- Категория: Uncategorised
- Опубликовано: 18.09.2023 17:40
- Автор: Administrator
- Просмотров: 690
Volume 15 (3), September 2023, Pages 38-43
1Minare Yusifova 2Rasul Ganiyev
The improvement of management in the field of heat supply in Azerbaijan is carried out by JSC “Azeristiktachizat”, created by the decree of the President of the country dated 08.06.2005 No. 847. The main task is to provide heat supply to residential buildings and buildings, educational institutions, healthcare and other social facilities in the city of Baku and the regions of the republic through the production, transmission, distribution, sale and maintenance of thermal energy.
Currently, there are more than 540 boiler houses, about 90 heating stations and 2 lifting pumping stations, as well as more than 25 boiler houses in Baku and the regions on the balance sheet of Azeristiktachizat OJSC. In general, the heat supply system is provided and controlled by 22 centers in the city of Baku and 51 in the regions. Here one of the urgent problems is to ensure high reliability and durability of the operated equipment and technical means.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the causes of characteristic accidents that can occur in steam boilers that have found the most widespread use in the heat supply system and are one of the equipment with a high potential for danger, and the development of applications for their prevention.
As a result of the conducted research, it was found that the most common causes of accidents of steam boilers are: fuel explosion, low water level in the boiler, insufficient preparation of water feeding the boiler, boiler water contamination, violation of purge technology, non-compliance with heating regulations, mechanical damage to pipes, overload.
Keywords: heat supply system, steam boiler, accidents and damages, causes of equipment failure.