Volume 14.1 (2-1), May 2023, Pages 53-57

Tamila Khankishiyeva1, Sabir Safaraliyev2

1Assistant, "Industrial machinery" Department, Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University, Candidate of technical sciences, Azerbaijan. Email id: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2Master degree student of Azerbaijan State University of Oil Industry, Azerbaijan. Email: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.


 Reciprocating compressors are machines that are used to compress gas or air by means of reciprocating motion. They are widely used in various industries, including oil and gas, petrochemicals, and manufacturing, for applications such as gas transportation, pneumatic power tools, and refrigeration. The basic components of reciprocating compressors include the molding elements, crankshaft, connecting rod, cylinder, intake valve, discharge valve, and lubrication system. There are two primary types of molding elements used in reciprocating compressors: piston and diaphragm. Piston molding elements are the most common and offer high efficiency, low maintenance, and high reliability. Diaphragm molding elements are an alternative to piston molding elements and provide oil-free compression, high purity, low noise, and low vibration. The choice of molding element depends on the application requirements. Reciprocating compressors are widely used due to their efficiency, reliability, and versatility in a range of applications.

The molding elements of reciprocating compressors play a critical role in the efficient operation of these machines. The molding elements, such as pistons, rings, cylinders, valves, and connecting rods, are subject to significant wear and tear during the compression process, which can result in reduced efficiency, increased energy consumption, and even complete equipment failure. To address these challenges, various design improvements and material selection strategies have been developed to improve the durability, reliability, and efficiency of molding elements in reciprocating compressors. This article provides an overview of the key molding elements in reciprocating compressors and examines various methods and techniques for improving their performance and efficiency, including advanced material selection, innovative design solutions, and effective maintenance practices.

Keywords: molding elements, reciprocating compressors, pistons, rings, cylinders, valves, connecting rods, compression process, efficiency, energy consumption, equipment failure, design improvements, material selection, durability, reliability, advanced material selection, innovative design solutions, maintenance practices, performance, efficiency.